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<兰亭序>译文、英文(转)  

2009-05-04 20:52:22|  分类: 语言学科 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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兰亭序

永和九年,岁在癸丑,暮春之初,会于会稽山阴之兰亭,修禊事也,群贤毕至,少长咸集。此地有崇山峻岭,茂林修竹;又有清流激湍,映带左右,引以为流觞曲水,列坐其次。虽无丝竹管弦之盛,一觞一咏,亦足以畅叙幽情。

是日也,天朗气清,惠风和畅。仰观宇宙之大,俯察品类之盛。所以游目骋怀,足以极视听之娱,信可乐也。

夫人之相与,俯仰一世,或取诸怀抱,悟(通“晤”)言一室之内;或因寄所托,放浪形骸之外。虽趣舍万殊,静躁不同,当其欣于所遇,暂得于己,快然自足,曾不知老之将至;及其所之既倦,情随事迁,感慨系之矣。向之所欣,俯仰之间,已为陈迹,犹不能不以之兴怀。况修短随化,终期于尽。古人云:“死生亦大矣。”岂不痛哉!

每览昔人兴感之由,若合一契,未尝不临文嗟悼,不能喻之于怀。固知一死生为虚诞,齐彭殇为妄作。后之视今,亦犹今之视昔。悲夫!故列叙时人,录其所述,虽世殊事异,所以兴怀,其致一也。后之览者,亦将有感于斯文。

翻译

永和九年,即癸丑年,三月之初,(名士们)在会稽郡山阴县的兰亭聚会,为的是到水边进行消灾求福的活动。许多有声望有才气的人都来了,有年轻的,也有年长的。这里有高大的山和险峻的岭,有茂密的树林和高高的竹子,又有清水急流,(在亭的)左右辉映环绕。把水引到(亭中)的环形水渠里来,让酒杯飘流水上(供人们取饮)。人们在曲水旁边排列而坐,虽然没有管弦齐奏的盛况,(可是)一边饮酒一边赋诗,也足以痛快地表达各自幽雅的情怀。这一天,天气晴朗,和风轻轻吹来。向上看,天空广大无边,向下看,地上事物如此繁多,这样来纵展眼力,开阔胸怀,穷尽视和听的享受,实在快乐啊!

人们彼此相处,一生很快就度过。有的人喜欢讲自己的志趣抱负,在室内(跟朋友)面对面地交谈;有的人就着自己所爱好的事物寄托情怀,不受任何约束,放纵地生活。尽管人们的爱好千差万别,或好静,或好动,也不相同,(可是又都有这样的体验:)当他们对所接触的事物感到高兴时,一时间很自得,快乐而自足,竟不觉得衰老即将到来;待到对于自己所喜爱的事物感到厌倦,心情随着当前的境况而变化,感慨油然而生,以前感到欢快的事顷刻之间变为陈迹了,仍然不能不因此感慨不已,何况人寿的长短随着造化而定,最后一切都化为乌有。古人说:“死和生也是件大事啊!” 怎能不悲痛呢?

每当我看到前人发生感慨的原由,(跟我所感慨的)如同符契那样相合,总是面对着(他们的)文章而嗟叹感伤,心里又不明白为什么会这样。(我)这才知道,把生和死同等看待是荒诞的,把长寿和短命同等看待是妄造的。后人看待今天,也像今人看待从前一样,真是可悲啊!因此我—一记下参加这次聚会的人,抄录了他们的诗作。尽管时代不同情况不同,但人们的情致却是一样的。后代的读者读这本诗集也将有感于生死这件大事吧。

 

The Orchid Pavilion

In the ninth year of the reign Yungho in the beginning of late spring we met at the Orchid Pavilion in Shanyin of Kweich'i for the Water Festival, to wash away the evil spirits.

Here are gathered all the illustrious persons and assembled both the old and the young. Here are tall mountains and majestic peaks, trees with thick foliage and tall bamboos. Here are also clear streams and gurgling rapids, catching one's eye from the right and left. We group ourselves in order, sitting by the waterside, and drinking in succession from a cup floating down the curving stream; and although there is no music from string and wood-wind instruments, yet with alternate singing and drinking, we are well disposed to thoroughly enjoy a quiet intimate conversation.

Today the sky is clear, the air is fresh and the kind breeze is mild. Truly enjoyable it is sit to watch the immense universe above and the myriad things below, traveling over the entire landscape with our eyes and allowing our sentiments to roam about at will, thus exhausting the pleasures of the eye and the ear.

Now when people gather together to surmise life itself, some sit and talk and unburden their thoughts in the intimacy of a room, and some, overcome by a sentiment, soar forth into a world beyond bodily realities. Although we select our pleasures according to our inclinations—some noisy and rowdy, and others quiet and sedate—yet when we have found that which pleases us, we are all happy and contented, to the extent of forgetting that we are growing old. And then, when satiety follows satisfaction, and with the change of circumstances, change also our whims and desires, there then arises a feeling of poignant regret. In the twinkling of an eye, the objects of our former pleasures have become things of the past, still compelling in us moods of regretful memory. Furthermore, although our lives may be long or short, eventually we all end in nothingness. "Great indeed are life and death", said the ancients. Ah! What sadness!

 I often thought that the people of the past lived and felt exactly as we of today. Whenever I read their writings I felt this way and was seized with its pathos. It is cool comfort to say that life and death are different phases of the same thing and that a long span of life or a short one does not matter. Alas! The people of the future will look upon us as we look upon those who have gone before us. Hence I have recorded here those present and what they said. Ages may pass and times may change, but the human sentiments will be the same. I know that future readers who set their eyes upon these words will be affected in the same way.

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